Plants & Trees

Perennials

Are often used to solve troublesome spots in the landscape. Some of these areas might be wet, dry or shady, or possess infertile soil. Perennials are effective as background plantings, for naturalizing or simply as a border to define a planting bed.

Wet areas could be planted with Iris sibirica, Monarda didyma and Viola odorata. For dry areas, consider using Achillea or Hemerocallis. Where the soil is poor, Gypsophila or Blue False Indigo (Baptisia australis) could be used.

For tall background plantings, consider Phlox paniculata or Boltonia asteroides ‘Snowbank.’ Naturalized plantings may use the Prairie Gayfeather (Liatris) or Echinacea, while rocky areas will accommodate plantings of Columbine (Aquilegia) and Basket-of-Gold (Aurinia saxatilis ‘Citrina’)

Borders can be accented effectively with Snow-In-Summer (Cerastium tomentosum) or Phlox subulata (Moss Pink).

Perennial selection can be made on the basis of flower color and the season of bloom. The following selections will highlight these qualities.

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Color Guide

Blue to Purple

Ajuga
Aquilegia
Aster
Campanula
Delphinium
Echinacea
Hosta
Iris
Liatris
Phlox
Platycodon
Salvia
Scabiosa
Veronica
Viola

Pink to Red

Achillea millefolium
Aster
Astilbe
Boltonia
Dianthus
Dicentra
Echinacea
Erigeron
Geranium
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Iris
Lobelia cardinalis
Lychnis calcedonica
Paeonia
Phlox
Physostegia
Salvia ‘Rose Queen’
Sedum spectabile

Gray to Blue, and Variegated Foliage

Achillea
Ajuga
Artemisia
Cerastium
Dianthus
Echinops
Gypsophila
Heuchera
Hosta
Lamium
Sedum
Thymus

Yellow to Orange

Achillea ‘Coronation Gold’
Alchemilla
Aurinia saxatilis
Coreopsis
Gaillardia
Hemerocallis
Heliopsis
Iris
Ligularia
Linum flavum
Oenothera
Papaver orientale
Ratibida
Rudbeckia
Sedum
Solidago

White

Achillea ‘Angels Breath’
Arabis albida
Aruncus
Aster
Astilbe
Boltonia
Cerastium
Dendranthemum
Dianthus
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Echinacea
Gypsophila
Hosta
Iris
Paeonia
Phlox
Veronica
Yucca

Shade Tolerant Perenials

Ajuga spp.
Aquilegia canadensis
Asarum canadense
Astilbe spp
Bergenia cordifolia
Campanula spp.
Centaurea macro­cephala
Cimicifuga racemosa
Coreopsis spp.
Dicentra spectabilis
Digitalis spp.
Hosta spp.
Lamium spp.
Mertensia virginica
Myosotis spp.
Phlox divaricata
Ranunculus repens
Sedum kamtschaticum


Trees of the Midwest

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Abies balsamea var.phanerolepis
Canaan Fir

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Acer buergerianium
Trident Mapler

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Acer griseum
Paperbark Maple

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Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple

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Aesculus octandra
Yellow Buckeye

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Acer rubrum
Red Maple


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Aesculus parviflora
Bottlebrush Buckeye

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Aesculus pavia
Red Buckeye

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Amelanchier sp.
Serviceberry

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Betula nigra
River Birch

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Carpinus betulus
European Hornbeam

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Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud


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Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree

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Cladrastis kentuckea
American Yellowwood

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Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood

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Cornus kousa
Kousa Dogwood

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Cornus mas
Corneliancherry Dogwood

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Fagus sylvatica
European Beech


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Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo

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Gleditsia triacanthos
var. inermis
Thornless Honeylocust

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Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky Coffeetree

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Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Redcedar

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Koelreuteria paniculata
Panicled Goldenraintree

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Liriodendron tulipifera
Tuliptree


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Magnolia acuminata
Cucumbertree Magnolia

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Magnolia stellata
Star Magnolia

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Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay Magnolia

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Malus sp.
Flowering Crabap

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Metasequoia glyptostroboides
Dawn Redwood

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Nyssa sylvatica
Black Tupelo


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Parrotia persica
Persian Parrotia

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Picea omorika
Serbian Spruc

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Picea orientalis
Oriental Spruce

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Pinus bungeana
Lacebark Pine

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Pinus strobus
Eastern White Pine

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Quercus acutissima
Sawtooth Oak


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uercus bicolor
Swamp White Oak

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Quercus imbricaria
Shingle Oak

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Quercus palustris
Pin Oak

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Quercus rubra
Red Oak

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Quercus shumardii
Shumard Oak

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Sassafras albidum
Common Sassafras


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Syringa reticulata
Japanese Tree Lilac

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Taxodium distichum
Common Baldcypress

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Tilia cordata
Littleleaf Linden

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Tilia tomentosa
Silver Linden

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Ulmus americana
American Elm

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Ulmus parviflora
Lacebark Elm